Interview as an approach of gathering information: strategy of concerns

Interview as an approach of gathering information: strategy of concerns

It’s important to distinguish interviews as a technique of gathering interviewing and information as a genre. That is, communication with people, is one of three ways to obtain information by a researcher in the first case, interview. Two alternative methods are:

  • observation, as soon as the researcher himself can be an eyewitness for the occasion,
  • working together with documents, where in fact the document means any product carrier containing texts and pictures.

Types of interviews and their function

Interviews as a way of data gathering in turn are split into:

  • genre (for preparation of text within the genre of interview),
  • investigative (for information),
  • reportage (to spot the faculties of someone, then to mirror them when you look at the text).

The reportage interview was discussed into the chapter that is previous. In regards to the investigative will find out within the chapter on information retrieval. The theme of this chapter is meeting being a genre, as being a method of text formatting in the form of concerns from a interviewer in addition to answers for the interlocutor. At the same time there is an interview-monologue at one pole, where in actuality the quantity of questions associated with researcher is minimized (sometimes they are not any at all), during the other pole – a discussion, as soon as the journalist not just asks concerns, but additionally speaks much with lengthy arguments.

The truth that the interview is a discussion, suggests concerning the exact same quantity of replicas of the journalist and interlocutor. The interviewer answers take 70-90% of the text in the usual interview. A discussion may be carried out with a journalist, by authority comparable to the interlocutor, so that the viewpoint of the journalist has also been interesting to readers, because the opinion associated with interlocutor. If a typical journalist talks just as much or even more in an interview being an interlocutor, this might be a sign of insufficient qualification.

Types of interviews according to the subject. Topic interview

With respect to the topic, you can find three types of interviews:

  • subject,
  • personal,
  • subject-personal.

Topic of the topic meeting is the state of things in almost any field of task. Often this is an meeting with a specialist, a genre of rational publicism. The interlocutor is interesting to the journalist exactly as much as he could be associated with this state of affairs. For example, a police informs simple tips to protect a condo from thieves. A doctor describes how to protect your self through the flu epidemic. The advisor that is financial a forecast just how long the crisis may be regarding the change. Neither the interlocutor’s opinion on conditions that deviate through the meeting topic, nor the personal lifetime of the interlocutor is of interest.

The dwelling regarding the interview that is subject of three parts. First, they reveal the interlocutor’s reference to the subject. Then there’s a parsing associated with the topic for the true purpose of its presentation, clarification and evaluation. The subject meeting stops because of the streamlining of the thing that was said, summarizing, practical tips to visitors.

The hero of the interview that is subject additionally be an eyewitness or participant in case. This might be a given information meeting, one of several news genres. The duty associated with the journalist is always to learn whenever you can the main points and information on just what happened. Such as the truth of an expert, the interlocutor’s communication aided by the topic is first shown, then your subject is deepened, therefore the ending is specialized in basic impressions of just what took place plus the conclusions that the interlocutor made.

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